Occupational therapy en rehabilitación neurológica
Occupational therapy is a fundamental part of the neurological rehabilitation process, to achieve the highest degree of functionality, independence and autonomy possible in the patient.
Dressing, eating, going out alone or showering independently are some of the achievements for which our specialists in occupational therapy work daily.
To achieve its objectives the occupational therapist works through scientifically validated techniques that allow the best neurological connections of patients with brain injuries.
Functions of the occupational therapist in Neural
Study of brain functions
To be a specialist in neurological rehabilitation, the occupational therapist studies brain functions in depth. In this way, he knows how to interpret neurological signs and medical tests related to the patient’s brain state, as well as the functional impact that the lesion can have.
Initial assessment of the patient’s situation
To make a correct treatment plan, the occupational therapist performs an initial assessment that includes an interview with the patient and his family. This assessment allows to draw a baseline and propose objectives that have a positive impact on the life of the affected person.
The occupational therapist works in the neurological rehabilitation of both child and adult patients. The therapy is intensive, this means that the patient comes to the clinic several days a week. The rehabilitation has a limited duration, between 6 months and a year and a half in some cases.
The goals of treatment depend on the etiology of the lesion and especially on the patient’s age. Here we inform you about the most worked goals in children and adults:
- Sensory integration: allows the patient to detect and organize sensations to respond appropriately to a specific stimulus.
- Hemiparesis: intervenes in the improvement of mobility and recovery of muscle tone in such a way that the patient develops with the maximum normality allowed.
- Grafomotricity: detects the difficulties that underlie an incorrect grip of the pencil and intervenes through activities directly with the child. This gives guidelines to teachers and parents through the adaptation of the environment or homework.
- Personal autonomy: helps the patient to obtain some autonomy in daily tasks such as controlling their personal hygiene, dressing or eating alone.
- Support products: advises which support products are better for the patient and trains in the management. Among the support products, it is worth highlighting the implantation of orthoses – splints – as a preventive measure that improves motor function.
When the rehabilitation has reached its ceiling, the patient can benefit from maintenance programs that in this case are less intensive and numerous than in the rehabilitation stage.