Physiotherapy en rehabilitación neurológica
Considering that the origin of the lesion is in the central nervous system, the neurological physiotherapy focuses its activity on improving patient mobility.
The physiotherapist creates new neurological pathways and reinforces the existing ones so that the movement takes place.
Functions of the physiotherapist in Neural
Child neurological physiotherapy
Child neurological physiotherapy intervenes from the first months of life to maximize the child’s motor development. This intervention may be prescribed or recommended by a pediatrician, neurosurgeon or by the rehabilitating physician.
A child patient may present different risk situations such as: prematurity, genetic disease that affects the central nervous system, fetal distress, brachial paralysis or periventricular hemorrhage.
In these cases the physiotherapist collaborates and coordinates with the rest of the professionals to favor the child’s development. Furthermore, he/she frequently meets with parents and main caregivers to jointly practice the guidelines and exercises that will favor and enhance the child’s improvement.
Neurorehabilitation physiotherapy for adults
The functions of the physiotherapist in neurorehabilitation have to do with the physical improvement experienced by people who have suffered a brain injury.
The physiotherapist intervenes from the first days after the brain damage until the end of the rehabilitation.
His/her work focuses on enhancing patient mobility and avoiding postural and movement patterns that cause pain or future malformations.
Rehabilitation of neuromuscular diseases
Neurodegenerative diseases and disorders usually require less intensity in treatment, although a small periodic follow-up allows them to re-educate patterns and maintain all available voluntary control.
Neurological physiotherapy, together with the corresponding medical follow-up, guides the patient on the recommended exercises and monitors the level of activity that each person should carry out depending on the moment of the disease in which they are. This is important to avoid worsening or that they last over time.
Total availability after possible relapses
The physiotherapist, in addition to being a key part of the team, is one of the therapists most frequently visited by patients once they have been discharged.
This occurs because any pain, contracture or worsening of the skeletal muscle that the person suffers in later years, may have the underlying neurological lesion as the source of the problem.